Vegetarian diet is among the preferred feeding styles of many people in our country as well as in the world. This diet, in its most general definition, is the preference of plant-based foods instead of animal-based foods in daily nutrition. People who adopt this eating style; they consume animal foods such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt, honey in small quantities or prefer not to consume them at all.
This diet, which is preferred for health or other reasons, is known to minimize the risk of chronic diseases. When following a vegetarian diet, which helps you to gain healthy eating habits, the minerals that your body will need are usually preferred by herbal products. For example, in order to meet the protein need in a vegetarian diet, foods in the group of dried legumes such as peas, beans, chickpeas and lentils can be consumed. Thanks to these foods, which you can consume instead of animal foods, you can also control weight.
What Are the Types of Vegetarian Nutrition?
Vegetarianism has been divided into different varieties over time in terms of the foods consumed. Types of vegetarian nutrition can be listed as follows:
• Vegan Diet
In this diet, no food of animal origin is consumed. It refuses to consume meat and meat products, chicken, fish and seafood, as well as milk and dairy products, eggs, honey. Instead of foods of animal origin, vegetables, fruits, cereals and dried legumes are preferred. Vegans refuse the use of not only foods of animal origin, but also textiles of animal origin and cosmetics tested on animals.
• Semi-Vegetarian Diet
It is a type of vegetarian diet that does not consume only meat and meat products from foods of animal origin, but food products such as eggs, milk, honey produced by animals are consumed without adhering to a certain rule.
• Lacto-Vegetarian Diet
In this type of nutrition, the consumption of foods of animal origin is refused, while only milk and dairy products are consumed.
• Lacto-ovo-Vegetarian Diet
In this type of diet, where only milk, dairy products and eggs are consumed, foods of animal origin other than these foods are not consumed.
• Pesko Vegetarian Diet
It is a type of nutrition in which the consumption of meat and poultry products is refused, but fish, dairy products and egg products are consumed.
• Omnivore Diet
It is one of the types of diets in which the person refuses to consume foods of animal origin completely on his own initiative, except for certain rules.
• The Fruitarian Diet
It is a type of nutrition that allows only the consumption of fruits.