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What is Ketone? Why Rises?
What is Ketone? Why Rises?

Ketone is expressed as a type of fatty acid produced by the liver. Increasing the amount of ketones in people with diabetes can cause various problems. The human body needs various energy supports to continue its life. Sugar is one of the essentials in the human body. Insulin allows the body to convert the glucose in the food taken into energy.

Insulin is of great importance for people with diabetes. Diabetes patients with insulin deficiency break down fat to get energy. These fats broken down by the person are converted into fatty acids called ketones by the liver. This process is considered normal for people without diabetes.

For those with Type 1 diabetes, overproduction of ketone causes various ailments. In general, mild ketone elevations are the discomfort that can be suppressed by simple methods. Especially drinking plenty of water is the first practice to increase ketone levels. In cases where the amount of ketone is above normal, it is also useful to get expert support, as urgent intervention is required.

Generally, the amount of ketone a person should have is below 0.6 mmol / L. Amounts other than this are considered as high or low ketones. It is of great importance to notice the ketone height at an early stage in terms of taking precautions. In general, the symptoms of ketone height can be listed as follows;

Dry mouth

Blood sugar level higher than 240 mg / dl,

Feeling of extreme thirst,

Frequent urination.

Many people want to know the reason behind their sudden increase in ketone levels. Generally, more than one factor plays a decisive role in the amount of ketone. Many reasons, such as eating habits and a history of diabetes, are directly linked to increases in ketone levels. In general, it is possible to reduce the amount of ketones with simple methods. Often, steps such as drinking plenty of water and taking a break from exercise help to reduce the amount of ketone. Apart from this, the treatment methods used to reduce the ketone level are:

For this, you can follow the steps below and reduce the amount of ketones.

Intravenous (through the vein) Fluid Supplement

With the increase in the amount of ketones in the body, some symptoms occur in the body. Accordingly, frequent urination can be seen due to dehydration in the body. Thanks to intravenous fluids, the loss of water in the person is prevented and ketone level reaches a normal level.

Electrolyte Supplement

When diabetic ketoacidosis occurs, electrolyte levels in the body such as potassium, sodium and chloride decrease. This decline negatively affects the heart and muscles. When this happens, electrolyte supplements are applied to the patient. Insulin support is given to bring the blood sugar level to normal. Then, this treatment method is repeated at regular intervals to ensure that ketone and blood sugar levels are normal.

Infection treatment

Sometimes infections can play an active role in ketone elevations due to diabetic reasons. In such cases, the necessary medication is started to reduce the amount of ketone rising due to the infection. 

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