The vegetarian diet is a fairly popular way of eating not only in the whole world but also in our country. This type of nutrition, which is preferred for health-related or other reasons, can reduce the risk of chronic diseases, help to lose weight, and improve the quality of your nutrition. The vegetarian diet has a positive effect on many health problems, especially obesity.
Vegetarian eating style can be preferred for various reasons. The vegetarian diet can be preferred for health-related reasons, by those who want to maintain their weight and those who do not want to consume animal products. The vegetarian diet is also preferred to protect our bodies against chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, cancer, diabetes, etc.
The vegetarian diet is a type of nutrition in which nutrients of plant origin are mainly consumed. Vegetarianism is a form of nutrition in which no meat and, depending on preference, no animal products (eggs, milk, and dairy products) are consumed. There are different types of vegetarianism. Vegetarians are grouped differently according to the products they consume within themselves.
Types of Vegetarian Diet
Vegans: They are strict vegetarians. They do not consume any food of animal origin. Animal products such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products, as well as honey, are not consumed. In this diet, cereals, fruits, and vegetables, as well as dry legumes are consumed. The number of people who follow a vegan diet in the world and our country is not too many. In addition, there are also subclasses of veganism.
Lacto-ova Vegetarian Diet: It is the most widely practiced type of vegetarian diet nowadays. In this type of diet, the consumption of meat, fish, and poultry is ceased. However, the consumption of eggs and dairy products is allowed.
Lacto-vegetarian Diet: Meat, fish, poultry, and eggs are not consumed. However, milk and dairy products can be consumed.
Lowland-vegetarian Diet: In this form of nutrition, eggs are also consumed along with plant foods. Meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products are not consumed.
Pesko Vegetarian Diet: Red meat and poultry are not consumed in this diet. However, fish species, mussel seafood, eggs, and dairy products can be consumed.
Flexitarian Diet: Includes the occasional consumption of foods of animal origin such as meat, fish, or poultry.
The Effect of Vegetarian Diet on Health
Healthy results can be achieved if vegetarian nutrition is applied correctly and carefully. If it is not planned carefully, it can lead to health problems. A healthy vegetarian diet is useful for health if a vegetarian diet is followed and the recommendations are followed. The correct consumption of vegetables, fruits, dried legumes, and cereal products brings along a healthy diet. But in the vegetarian diet, one should pay attention to protein consumption and that the right amount of vegetable protein sources is consumed.
One should care about the intake of nutrients such as vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, iron, zinc in the vegetarian diet. If these are not taken adequately, health problems may be encountered. If you are not careful with vitamin B12 intake, it can lead to permanent damage to the nervous system. Therefore, vitamin B12 should not be forgotten in vegetarian nutrition.
Vitamin D is again among the vitamins that should be consumed carefully. Vitamin D helps to absorb calcium and phosphorus in the body and to use it. Some dairy products are enriched with vitamin D. If we can not consume vitamin D from these products, it is necessary to take advantage of sunlight as much as possible.