Many people are wondering about yoga, which has been widely practiced recently and has a very old history. With yoga, which can be done at home or in a peaceful atmosphere in touch with nature, you can both keep your form and relax your soul and get rid of the stress of daily life. So, what is yoga? How to do yoga? Yoga guide for beginners…
What is Yoga?
Yoga appears as a Far Eastern teaching that supports physical and mental development. It has emerged in the Sarasvati civilization, which is among the ancient civilizations of India, and has reached the present day. The main purpose of yoga, which has a history of about 4000 years, is to relax the mind and relax the body.
Yoga is a teaching practiced for mental and physical healing. It includes exercises designed to stay healthy, reduce stress, and increase strength and flexibility. It is to create awareness and harmony in mind and body. In yoga, which is done in any desired place, regardless of time and place, it is possible to deactivate the mind that constantly thinks and analyzes by focusing on breathing. Awareness increases in people who practice yoga.
What are the 8 Steps of Yoga?
Yoga allows the mind to reach calmness through poses and meditation. Although yoga is practiced physically, the benefits it provides have a mental effect. Yoga can be defined as a journey with the body and mind. There are 8 stages in the teaching of yoga, which is defined as a journey.
Yama: The first stage of the eight-step yoga journey, yama includes the basic principles of yoga. At this stage, the person distances himself from worldly pleasures. It aims to gain a mental awareness. Since yoga aims to increase one's awareness, there is an increase in one's awareness at this stage.
Niyama: The second stage of yoga, niyama emphasizes personal discipline. It enables the person to have self-control and to stay away from impulsive behaviors. In this way, the person will gain mental awareness.
Asana: Although yoga looks like sports movements from the outside, it basically provides control of breathing with the help of correct positions of the body. In yoga, which provides mental focus, asana means yoga posture and yoga pose. If the body cannot find the right positions, the mind will not be in the right position either.
Pranayama: The fourth step, pranayama, focuses on awareness of the breath, or life energy. Because breathing is critical to yoga. With the breath, the person controls himself. With the control of the breath, the person takes control of his spiritual development. Disruption of breathing in angry situations indicates failure of breathing control.
Pratyahara: Pratyahara, which is the fifth step of yoga, refers to the withdrawal of emotions and senses. It means being able to see the senses and the world we perceive with our senses separately from the senses. It is about being intertwined with life, being one with it.
Dharana: This step of yoga indicates proper focus. In this step, which is associated with concentration and focus, it is aimed to leave many bad situations behind and realize the moment thanks to focus.
Dhyana: This step is defined as mentally focusing and at the same time breaking one's own mental resistance by applying certain meditation methods.
Samadhi: This stage is defined as enlightenment. This stage, called Samadhi, indicates liberation from all mental and physical attachments. A person gains an awareness of life by integrating with himself as never before.